Barolo is one of the great wines of the world. It was one of the first DOCGs granted, in 1980, which attests to the quality of wine produced in the region. This is a small DOCG, all of seven miles long and at its widest five miles, in the Piedmont region in northern Italy. Barolo wines have an ability to age for decades. The only grape permitted is the tannin monster, Nebbiolo.
|Fontanafredda in the 1900's|
Barolo and Nebbiolo both have a long history in the region but we will only highlight some of the important dates. Nebbiolo was mentioned as early as the 1200s. Some early legislation was enacted in 1909 to try and define the area and protect the name of Barolo. The boundaries changed a few times in the 1920's and in 1930 and again in 1934. However, there was little change in the region during the war years. In 1966, Barolo was awarded its DOC and its DOCG in 1980, again with some small boundary changes.
|Barrique at Marquis de Barolo|
I thought this was interesting. It is taken from article eight of the DOCG regulations on what Barolo should be.
Color: garnet red, shot through with orange.
Odor: characteristic perfume, ethereal pleasurable and intense.
Flavor: dry, full, robust, austere yet velvety and harmonious
Annual production: 8 million bottles depending on vintage.
Aging: must be aged for three years, one must be in wood. Some producers will age longer. Yields: 56 hl/ha or 3.2 tons per acre.
Acreage planted: 4285